Re: foundationless beekeeping and drones
Steven they'll build quite a bit of drone till they know at last they have enough.
Keep those drone combs.
Every time you are getting your bees to build a new box of brood comb, put in three drone combs. The bees will build the rest worker. Keep putting the drone combs wherever bees are building new comb. Remove them later you can get your hive just as drone comb free, or even more so, than a hive using foundation.
It does require moving combs around between hives which some people have issues with but I'm fine with it.
44 years, been commercial, outfits up to 4000 hives, now 120 hives and 200 nucs as a hobby, selling bees. T (mostly).