Re: Has Any Research Been Done On The Effect Of GM Food On Bee Biology?
To answer the question, no. There is to date no research that I'm aware of that plants simply being GM, in isolation of other variables, causes harm. What many people don't understand is that much, perhaps even most, of the genetic modification is actually to produce plants that are tolerant to herbicides not pesticides.
To have a meaningful discussion on how GM crops affect bees (as opposed to the broader GM debate: genetic contamination etc), we need to move beyond the Frankenstein complex and consider what the plant was modified to DO. Roundup-tolerant GM crops, for example, can certainly harm bees indirectly through loss of forage that herbicide use promotes. GM crops that produce fungicides may affect the microflora in bees' guts, altering their ability to synthesize some nutrients for example. Dianna Sammataro is pursuing some interesting research on this front.
Now if you're talking GM crops that produce neonicitinoids, then that's a neonic debate and not a GMO debate. Actually, now that I think on it, I believe the GMOs that produce systemic pesticides are pyrethroids like Clothianidin and not neonics right? Neonics I believe, while systemic, are applied as drenches, seed-coatings or sprays (and introduced and taken into the plant as opposed to produced by the plant itself).
Just trying to frame the discussion factually.
Bees, brews and fun
in Lyons, CO