Re: Determining if queens in nucs are purebred
I would say that if you had a queen cell in a nuc and then before that cell hatched or emerged, that there was already a queen laying in that nuc. No way was there enuf time for the cell to have hatched, gotten mated, layed in the queen cell and grown a mature queen. From the way you described what you have seen.
When I make splits w/ queen cells, I am mostly concerned whether there is a laying queen doing her job than I am about whether it is the cell I installed or not. Most likely it is, unless when I made the nuc, I accidently took the queen from the original/parent colony.
I'm not as concerned about genetic as lots of people are. I just want a queen that can do her job. But I do start out w/ cells of known lineage.
Mark Berninghausen "Ships at a distance have every man's wish on board." Zora Neale Hurston