Use a Cloake board and one queen rite double deep colony. Will easily produce 50 queens at a time and easy to use and doesn't take a lot of resources. Can even keep supers on top so you don't loose honey.
Make splits into 5 frame nucs and use for your mating nucs. You can easily turn these 16 hives into 50 by years end but you won't make any honey and you will have to feed at times.
Remember, you can raise bees or honey, hard to do both from small start.
"Suppose you were an idiot and suppose you were a member of Congress. But I repeat myself." - Mark Twain