Randy Oliver spoke at Virginia State Beekeepers Assoc Mtg
Randy mentioned that DWV -- Deformed Wing Virus -- is becoming spreadable without varroa. Then, looking below at another beesource thread on DWV, Oldtimer posted that DWV, although rare at the time, was present long before varroa got introduced. Learned something new there.
Anyway, is anyone seeing evidence of DWV moving without Varroa as a vector? Randy made it sound like California beeks are seeing this. Can anyone confirm?
"...the most populous colonies ...are provided by queens ...in the year following their birth." Brother Adam