I've searched the forums, but did not directly find answers to this question. If someone knows the link to a thread on this topic, please direct me. I know there are a lot of variables, but I have heard a huge range in the number of bees to be found in a normal, healthy hive, from 30,000 to 70,000. I use 3 mediums for my hive. If I open a healthy hive, I might find 1000 bees on a frame, roughly estimating, so 1000 X 30, even with my inferior math skills, is 30,000 bees. Of course, not every frame has that many, so my guess is my typical hive, even with a super on, probably has somewhere in the neighborhood of 20,000, perhaps up to 25,000. I read a syndicated story the other day about a beekeeper opening his hive and talking about the adreneline rush of facing 70,000 bees. Is that hugely exaggerated, or perhaps I just live in too cool a climate and my numbers won't get that high? Just curious what people think about this.