help! i'm a second year beekeeper. one hive we wintered last year (in alberta, canada) was very weak when we opened it this spring, lots of dead bees (which we cleaned out of the bottom boards promptly). we had left them lots of honey, but the honey in the top box was basically left untouched. capped brood and eggs were basically non-existent, and the brood chambers were full of greasy-looking pollen (bee bread?), and granulated white honey.
we re-queened this hive soon after, but it continued to weaken. last week, a few days before i checked them we got a bucketload of snow and rain, plus it's been rainy spring here so it has been way more damp than normal. then we had a hot day two days ago when i checked it and there was an strong odour, no visible eggs, barely any brood (only drones - very patchy), capped honey, and this hardened pollen. another of my strong hives smells strong, too. could the moisture cause the honey to ferment? or could it be afb or efb?