Re: Brood in Super "What can I do"
Why did you pull and extract the honey supers if the bees do not have enough honey?
In your location how much honey is required to go through the winter? My guess would be over 100#. I don't like going through winter down here with less than that, and I can feed anytime if a colony runs low. Freezing could be a problem there.
As the bees make adequate stores of honey for the winter, they will fill out the upper supers first, thereby pushing the queen and the broodnest lower. I am assuming by super you mean a medium super. A deep fully capped with honey has about 60# of honey. A medium has about 42-45# of honey. You should also have 2-3 frames of pollen/honey (also called bee bread) stored. That is down here in Texas where we only have a month or two without pollen sources. I would guess that in Wis. you would need twice this.
Italians have a tendency to keep an open brood nest, thereby contiunously raising brood when not needed. Therefore you have to 'manage' your colonies to force the brood nest to contract to an area where the queen can only raise 10,000-20,000 bees (about 3 deep frames). If you have a good late fall flow coming, don't feed and see if you can make some honey. If your area doesn't and you decide to feed, start feeding and keep feeding until the bees push the queen out of the super.
If you intend to winter with only two deeps, then be sure the queen is below the supers in the two deeps and keep her there with a queen excluder. As soon as the bees in the brood nest hatch pull the supers, and then feed to contract the brood nest.
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." Nathan Hale, 1776