I have a small number of hives. All are Italians except for one Russian/Carniolan (R/C) cross. I would like to do a split of the R/C and have it raise its own queen. Here are some questions:
1. When the virgin queen goes on its mating flight, is it mostly drones from her source hive that accompany her and mate with her, or is likely that other outside drones will join in the orgy as well? Is isolation of the hive a solution?
2. If she mates with both R/C drones and Italians, can you detect a mixture in offspring color in the young?
3. Are R/C crosses a first generation hybrid (F1), or have they been bred out for several generations.
Thanks for the help.