Where to locate is an important step. There are several issues involved. Most of the issues revolve around people. Will the bees bother anyone when placed at xyz.
Bees are found in all sorts of situtations and can be placed in all sorts as well. Full sun, partial shade, full shade, doesn't matter too much really from a general point of view. What matter most is where you are when deciding these things. If you live where the sun is REALLY strong and it get REALLY hot, maybe shade is more helpful. If you live in a temperate area full sun is usually the best, but not the most important thing, just a helpful thing.
Even in the tropics its hot in the sun OR in the shade, what you want to do is provide enough ventilation, but not too much, for the bees to be able to manage the temperature issues. Too little and it can get really hot inside, too much and the bees have no control at all.
Scot Mc Pherson<br />McPherson Family Honey Farms<br />Davenport, IA<br />BeeWiki: <a href=\"http://beewiki.linuxfromscratch.org\" target=\"_blank\">http://beewiki.linuxfromscratch.org</a> <br /><br />Pics:<br /> <a href=\"http://linuxfromscratch.org/~scot/pics/bees/\" target=\"_blank\">http://linuxfromscratch.org/~scot/pics/bees/</a>