Good to know God gets it right sometimes...maybe it's directly linked to the fervour of prayer?

Do not ever worry about sounding's when you think you sound clever that it's time to worry!

I'm now triple gobsmacked. Refer me to some more good stuff and I will broadcast it around, quite loudly too. I'll digest that, it's age is both good and bad, but if the acaracides don't work why are they getting away with it? Proof of the sort in that research is surely grounds for lawsuits by farmers with mitey spray bills and mitier mites?

The varroa mite is well written up, follow links or try search under bee disease. Temperature is a is general colony health, which is very dependent on ventilation.

(Had some fun on Hobie more than 30miles a stretch tho!)