It clear watching my hives that the queens either mated with some Carni-type bees, since some workers are dark with gray stripes and others are "Italian" type. However, I noticed that the drones also vary (within a single hive), some being gold and others black.
Since they come from unfertilized eggs, does this mean that the queens themselves are "mutts"? And that each drone gets a different mix of her genes? My ABC and XYZ isn't giving me info on this.