agian clayton, the reason afb is becoming more and more prevalent in the us is exactly your style of beekeeping, beekeepers ar not sterilize their infected equipment, and burning infected comb, they are trying to cover it up with medication, if every beekeeper would at the first sign of afb quarentine that hive on new foundation, burn or nuc the old frames and comb and sterilze the hives, afb would be drastically reduced. im suprised, you dont recommend this as you seem to want bees to naturally take care of this highly contagious disease. one last thing i appriciate your concern of my opinions i assume that is why you have made it impossible for me to reply with the right information to learning beekeepers