Below, I have summarized the steps to make a split or new nuc into outline form, for future reference. There is SO much information and SO many opinions about the "best" way, that I've been trying to reduce steps down to the simplest version to make it less overwhelming and easier to remember. I do not yet trust myself, so I am hoping for some experienced eyes on these notes and feedback. Is this outline accurate? Are there any missing steps?
Thank you, in advance, for sharing your expertise.
Splits & Nucleus Colonies
1. Prepare the new colony
a. Select the nuc or divided hive body
b. Identify donor colonies for brood, honey & pollen (or a sugar feeder).
2. Add Frames & Bees
a. If adding a ripe Queen Cell (grafted, swarm or supercedure) or a mated queen
i. 1+ frames of capped/emerging larvae
ii. 1+ frame of honey & pollen stores or a sugar feeder
b. If triggering a queenless colony to create emergency queen cells, both of the above plus:
i. 1 frame of eggs & 1-3 day larvae and their nurse bee covered frame
c. Shake bees in front of entrance and let them enter their new colony
3. Reduce the entrance
4. Move the hive
a. If leaving the hive in the same beeyard, turn 90°, otherwise, move to an apiary 2+ miles away.
5. Monitor the hive
a. Feed, if necessary
b. Check for eggs / brood, based on what queen material was used:
i. Mated queen: at 7 days / 12 days
ii. Virgin queen: at 12-15 days / 17-21 days
iii. Ripe queen Cell: at 14-17 days / 19-22 days
iv. Newly laid egg to 3 day old larvae: 30-33 days / 35-38 days
6. Reduce crowding to allow for growth or avoid swarming
a. Remove frames of brood and replace with frames of drawn comb if using to boost other colonies
b. Move to larger equipment: 8 or 10 frame hive bodies
c. Add vertical space with additional nuc boxes. Move one frame of brood up to encourage queen to move up in the hive along with drawn frames of comb.